What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is a chronic problem in which blood glucose (sugar) can no longer be regulated. There are two reasons for this: First, the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. Insulin works like a key to let glucose (blood sugar) to move out of the blood and into the cells where it is used as fuel for energy. When the cells become insulin resistant, it requires more and more insulin to move sugar into the cells. As a result, too much sugar stays in the blood. Over time, if the cells require more and more insulin, the pancreas can’t make enough insulin to keep up and it begins to fail.
The signs and symptoms of this type of this type of diabetes are sometimes subtle. The major symptom is often being overweight. Other more subtle symptoms and signs include:
You’re thirstier than usual
You’re tired all the time
Your vision seems blurry
Here is what you can do to prevent diabetes:
Eating healthy foods can help you control your weight – and help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. Choose foods that are low in saturated fat, added sugars, and sodium (salt).
Getting active can lower your risk of type 2 diabetes. Aim for 2 hours and 30 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity, like walking fast or biking.
8.1 Million people may not know that have diabetes
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, research suggests that 1 out of 3 adults have prediabetes. Of this group, 9 out of 10 don’t know they have it. 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes, but 8.1 million may be undiagnosed and unaware of their condition. About 1.4 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in the United States every year. More than one in every 10 adults who are 20 years or older has diabetes. For seniors (65 years and older), that figure rises to more than one in four. Cases of diagnosed diabetes cost the United States an estimated $245 billion in 2012. This cost is expected to rise with the increasing diagnoses.